Syria is a campaign emergency vaccination to protect children against measles and polio

Posted by Redazione in Flu, News, Therapy, Utility at 8 December, 2012 |  No Comments »

London – Syria is a campaign emergency vaccination to protect children against measles and polio, a disease that can spread rapidly and sometimes with fatal results – especially in case of conflict and migration. This campaign – which aims to reach 1.4 million children – had to face difficult challenges: the main roads were blocked and there were serious clashes across the country, for which it was dangerous and complicated to obtain stocks of vaccines in city ​​where missing.

“The hard work was that the drivers who had to retrieve the supplies of vaccines in Damascus and then transport, often through winding streets, in the countryside around the country,” says Iman Bahnasi, UNICEF specialist for survival and development of children. “But thanks to their determination and courage, all districts received the supplies they needed.”

The data received from 11 districts of 14 Syrians show that, following the campaign started on November 26, more than 630,000 children under five years have already received the polio vaccine, while more than 510 000 children aged between 1 and 5 years were vaccinated against measles.

Children less than one year have also received a dose of vitamin A.

“We believe that the actual number of vaccinated children is significantly higher, but the security situation is making it difficult to obtain updated data for some areas,” said Youssouf Abdel-Jelil, UNICEF Representative in Syria, “what is clear is that the campaign is in full swing. We are receiving reports of long lines of parents with their children before vaccination centers across the country, including cities such as Homs. ”

Although vaccinations are underway in nearly 1,200 health care centers, the main objective of the campaign is to reach the children of displaced families living in temporary shelters (throughout the country), an operation made possible by more than 100 mobile teams of vaccinations. Thanks to TV appeals, SMS messages and health education sessions, parents brought their children to get vaccinated.

UNICEF provided 1.5 million doses of vaccine against measles, as well as syringes and equipment for the “cold chain”, papers and records for vaccination and information materials.

This effort is continuing despite the withdrawal this week, a number of United Nations international staff from Syria. UNICEF is working with WHO, Ministry of Health and several non-governmental organizations, including the Arab Red Crescent, to increase the coverage until the end of the campaign, scheduled for December 10.

Since the crisis, UNICEF has reached hundreds of thousands of children with emergency aid, water, sanitation, education and child protection. In April 2012, for example, UNICEF has supported the vaccination of more than 284,000 children in Syria.

Me, My Dad and His Kidney wins BAFTA

Posted by Redazione in News at 28 November, 2012 |  No Comments »

London – A documentary that followed nine-year-old Raphael Havard as he prepared for, and underwent, a kidney transplant at Great Ormond Street Hospital has won a BAFTA.

Me, My Dad and His Kidney was filmed for CBBC’s My Life documentary series by Nine Lives Media.

The programme told the story of how Raphael had developed a medical condition which had destroyed his kidneys and showed him receiving a life-saving kidney transplant from his father Duane. Clever use of animation gave young viewers a unique insight into the function of the kidney and its importance to the human body.

Dr Stephen Marks, a renal consultant at Great Ormond Street Hospital said: “We are delighted that Me, My dad and His Kidney has received the factual category award in the video games and children’s BAFTAs. This film is an excellent resource for patients and their families who are getting ready for a transplant as it helps them to understand the transplant process. We are extremely grateful to Raphael and his family for opening up their lives to TV cameras as they were getting ready for and undergoing surgery. By doing so, they have helped other children and young people prepare for their own transplant as well as raise awareness about the importance of transplantation among young people.”

My Life, Me, My Dad & His Kidney will be repeated on Tuesday 27th November at 4pm on BBC ONE.

The ‘Children’s Day’

Posted by Redazione in News at 23 November, 2012 |  No Comments »

London – Reflect with this shocking video to the “World Day of the Child”

The violence that many children suffer we urge the adult world – the family, the school, now the powerful men of the world – a clear commitment to protect the Children from all abuses and to give them the opportunity to make peace with the them tomorrow.

The ‘Children’s Day’ to contribute to the construction of a global society culturally attentive to the child, respectful of their dignity and their rights.


Posted by Redazione in News, Utility at 6 July, 2012 |  No Comments »

London – The breakfast is one of the most important meal of the day.
This is because they spend many hours without power during nighttime sleep.

As young adults and the baby also needs to support energy, which must include all food substances, especially glucose, minerals and vitamins.

Childhood is important in the first wake up the baby for the breakfast adequate and correct, to become a healthy habit, for years to come.

The food is the most appropriate low-fat milk, in quantities of 200 to 300 ml, with bread or biscuits or biscuits are not too sugary.

Depending on the season and / or exercise of the child, you can use honey or jam.

Considering that breakfast should always be hydrating the baby needs milk, yogurt or white, often added to fruit: apple, pear, banana, detail.

This type of power, than fresh water, provide vitamins, antioxidants, minerals and fiber.

Medical and scientific advisory of Prof. Giovanni Serra, former Chief Neonatology Gaslini Hospital in Genoa

Even in summer the children will have coughs and colds.

Posted by Redazione in News, Utility at 6 July, 2012 |  No Comments »

Even in summer the children will have coughs and colds.

The most common causes are viruses.

For the children, as in cold weather, infection occurs by contact with other family members or, in kindergarten or play groups.

The hands are through very often, as the child touches his nose and mouth.

The appearance of a cold is to verify if they are interested, throat and upper respiratory tract, as when the disorder only affects the nose, it resolves in a few days.

Cleaning the nasal passages with salt solutions in liquid.

In most relevant cases of rhinitis, it is useful to the Water of Sirmione, with regulator, to use 5 to 10 times a day, or silver proteinate (protargolo nasal drops) of 0.5%, using 1 to 2 drops in each nostril, more times daily.

If other sites are involved, can occur: sore throat, pharyngitis, tonsillitis, laryngitis, bronchitis and cough with fever over 38 °, in severe cases.

But if the baby has only cough, with a few strokes of cough, it is sufficient to deal with aerosols, using Sobrefluid (1/2 vial, 2 – 3 times daily, with 1 ml of saline).

When there is fever over 38 ° C, should visit the pediatrician.

Medical and scientific advisory Prof.Giovanni Serra, former Chief Neonatology, Hospital Gaslini, Genoa

Infants at risk for trauma mothers during pregnancy

Posted by Redazione in News, Utility at 5 July, 2012 |  No Comments »

London – Medical scientific advisory Prof.Giovanni Serra, Neonatology Hospital Gaslini in Genoa

It happens that some women are mistreated, abused and beaten during pregnancy. And this happens very often within families.

But violence on pregnant women, can have consequences on the same woman or the fetus.
In these cases, the organs most affected are the genitals, abdomen and breast.

The greatest risk to the child, is in its death, or in abortion or in the formation of developmental damage to the brain system. These problems may appear in the fetal stage or after birth.

But when the baby, despite the violence suffered by the mother, was born with no particular problems evident, a thorough examination is necessary, (in pregnancy, gynecological exams with specific field hospital) in order to exclude damage is not apparent.

The operators of the hospital sector ricososcono diseases and have responsibilities in recognizing problems in order to save lives and protect the mother and son.

In 1993 the UN declared that violence against women, problems can cause physical, sexual, psychological, causing suffering, coercion and deprivation of liberty.

Unfortunately many cases, families, unreported, with its probable damage to the child.

It happens that children are born already “stressed”

Posted by Redazione in Utility at 23 June, 2012 |  No Comments »

London – It happens that children are born already “stressed”.
It is possible when an infant and an infant suffered the stress of the mother during pregnancy.
The pregnant woman, due to sudden hormonal changes, can have various physical problemartiche “or” and / or psychological.

There are several factors that generate stress: working condition, both the woman and man, economic problems, the relationship with her partner, multiple anxieties about the condition of pregnancy, childbirth or the issues on the event for the immediate future after birth.

Various anxieties are present in mothers and cover the next way of life after an event so natural, but still challenging.
In the presence of high states of stress, may be even a miscarriage or preterm delivery.

The premature baby with birth defects due to low weight “(under a pound),” in full-term anxiety in a mother can have some common problems: state of irritability or excitability, or both, conditions that can affect sleep patterns or processes of digestion and nutrition.

And ‘logic to avoid, therefore, the anxiety, not with anxiety, but relaxation techniques.
The father’s support is crucial, though sometimes, the companion is affected, also the stress of the event.

In summer, it is most useful to recall wrong attitudes that harm the child and that, unfortunately, are observed very frequently.
The first major problem concerns the sun exposure of infants and children of all: it is actually harmful direct sunlight central hours.

Fight the heat preventing sweat and not be exposed to air currents, not covering them too.

The habit of recent years, to keep the kids awake over 21 hours, damaging the child himself.
And ‘duty to respect customs and rhythms of life, without disturbing the rest due to customs.
The ideal holiday for children does not distinguish between sea, mountain.

In fact, there are common rules to be respected however: quiet places, clean air, not too hot or humid, with the presence of greenery to improve oxygenation.

It may be suggested, for example, the sea to a child or lymph mountain to a child anemic, but, even if some Pediatrician-willing, never exceed 1000-1200 feet for an infant or a child around the year.
It is known and is easy to see that the thinner air and lower the percentage of oxygen, does not benefit the child and the situation can affect brain and augmentative.

As usual even this article was created with the help of medical science free Prof. Giovanni Serra, former Chief Neonatology Gaslini Hospital in Genoa.

State of the art in Image Guided Radiotherapy

Posted by Redazione in News at 18 June, 2012 |  No Comments »

Pisa (Italy) – Recently, the advent of high-quality on-board imaging technology on radiotherapy equipment, coupled with tracking and gating technologies during treatment delivery, have fulfilled the goal of image-guided radiotherapy (IGRT). This has dramatically improved precision in tumour targeting and finally enabled reduction of safety margins around the target. The near complete removal of normal tissues from the volume exposed to high dose has rendered fractionation essentially dispensable, permitting the delivery of as high doses as required for tumour cure. This goal may be pursued at ultra-high doses per fraction (extreme hypo-fractionation) or even in a single dose exposure (Single-Dose IGRT). The latter two approaches have yielded an unprecedented quantum leap in local cure rates of human tumours, rendering obvious practical advantages in terms of patient convenience, machine throughput and overall treatment cost-effectiveness. The mechanism of tumor cure by ultra-high dose exposures is clearly distinct from the mechanism operating in classical fractionated radiotherapy and its radiobiology is gradually being unraveled. This difference may explain the dramatic advantage of the ultra-high dose approach in curing human cancer.

A growing body of clinical evidence indicates that the overall actuarial local cure for lesions receiving 24 Gy is approximately 90% in oligometastatic deposits, regardless of their anatomic location or histology of the primary tumour. Taken together, the published data provide evidence that SD-IGRT exceeds by far classical fractionated radiotherapy as a safe modality in rendering long-term local control, ablating human tumours without associated toxicities.

In this regard, SD-IGRT may outscore even surgery in many instances as a preferred approach to eradicate early stage disease such as in the case of borderline medically operable patients with stage I non-small cell lung cancer, where clinical evidence on the safety and efficacy of this approach is rapidly accruing in the literature. Current clinical challenges entail the design and implementation of trials incorporating IGRT in the management of a wider spectrum of primary tumours both as a sole treatment modality and in combination with surgery and/or systemic therapy.

Currently, The University of Pisa (UNIPI) is actively involved several projects dealing with advanced IGRT techniques. In collaboration with Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center in New York, the University Hospital of Pisa (AOUP) is accruing patients with oligometastatic disease in a phase III randomized study comparing SD-IGRT vs. Hypofractionation. These studies are successfully carried out thanks to the availability of a state-of-the-art IGRT platform (TrueBeam STx) which is operated by the medical and technical staff of the University Hospital of Pisa (AOUP) within the framework of an institutional collaboration with Casa di Cura San Rossore where the device is installed.

In the UK there is a child who can only eat potatoes

Posted by Redazione in News at 5 June, 2012 |  No Comments »

London – In the UK there is a child who can only eat potatoes.

He is 19 months old, and suffers from eosinophilic gastroenteritis, a serious disease that affects the stomach and intestines and cause abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, weight loss.

Born with a birth went without complications, the baby has experienced particularly difficult times in the first period of life.

He seemed in good shape, apart from minor difficulties in falling, until, one day, while he was in the arms of his mother, began to lose all strength, his body became softer, her skin began to be tinged with blue.

Along with potatoes the child can drink water and a hypoallergenic solution called Neocate that provides nutrients that would have to take through any kind of food.

Hope is a new medicine that is able to alleviate the disorder.

The feeding of the child

Posted by Redazione in Utility at 2 June, 2012 |  No Comments »

London – Free advice of Prof.Giovanni Serra, former Chief of the department of neonatology Gaslini Hospital in Genoa.

In this article we talk about how to act if the child, about the year, refuses food.

The child may refuse food, at the beginning of weaning, around 6 months.

We recommend replacing just one meal of milk, usually in late morning, with a meal: vegetable broth (500ml of accqua), two seasonal vegetables, using about 200 ml of broth with 4 or 5 teaspoons of cream of rice, 1 teaspoon of Italian extra virgin olive oil, 1 tablespoon parmesan cheese.

To promote tolerance, begin administration for 2 or 3 days and then add the vegetables, cream of rice in 2 or 3 teaspoons, noting that if you develop constipation, you replace corn or tapioca.

After a week, add 1/2 dried white meat: chicken, rabbit, lamb, turkey.

If the child does not accept this soup, remove the cheese or meat.
You can also substitute milk with flour, in the afternoon.

After a few days, try to give the vegetable broth.
Besides these two products to be administered remotely from each other, this rule is important to understand if the child likes the food and if they appear intolerant or allergic symptoms, compared to a single introduction.

When the child refuses the food we eat, do not insist, but wait a few days and try again the administration.

In case of refusal of food, always check several factors: the clinical condition, teething, the type and time of product introduction, the bond with breastfeeding.
The rejection of a food or feed is always connected to a cause, without meaning or that it is more serious.